Certain characteristics make a pig what it is and the Idaho Pasture Pigs (IPP) are no exception. The Idaho Pasture Pig Registry is dedicated to promoting this breed to its full potential and the breed standard is an important part.
The Idaho Pasture Pig (IPP) is a medium sized breed of pig developed in 2006 with ongoing selection to breed to the stated ideal standards. The Idaho Pasture Pigs are exceptionally friendly, have a calm disposition, and has been bred to graze instead of root.
Disposition: Friendly and curious disposition. Aggressive behavior definitely disqualifies pig from breed selection.
Size: A medium sized pig with sows maturing to 250-350 pounds and boars maturing to 350-450 pounds.
Color: Can be black/white, ginger/black, brown/white, cream, ginger, tri-colored , or solid black. The pattern of the pig's coat will vary.
Head: Medium length snout with an upturn or dish on the end to allow grazing and discourage rooting. The snout should be wide and compliment the overall shape of the head. It should not be tapered, not be long and straight, nor should it be completely snub and dished, all of which disqualify pig from breed selection.
Wattles: Pigs may or may not have wattles.
Ears: Well set apart and can be erect or drooping, but there is a preference to erect ears.
Neck: Medium length, blending well between the body and head. Not excessively short or long.
Shoulders: Well developed and noticeable shoulders that are proportional to the rest of the body.
Back: Long and level back is appropriate for breed standard.
Ribs: Deep and well developed ribs without being overly round is the preferred breed standard.
Loin: A broad and long loin area is ideal.
Sides: Deep following the ribs back to the hams, with a straight bottom line is preferred. No rounded sides with the exception of bred gilts or sows.
Quarters: They should be wide coming back from the loin with a good high tail set.
Hams: Well developed and pronounced hams that are full all the way down to the hocks is ideal.
Legs: The legs should be straight coming down from the shoulders. They should be strong and keep the pig's hocks to where it is standing up off of the pasterns with the cleats off of the ground.
Underline: Straight from the ribs to the hams. Evenly and well spaced teats should be present on both boars and gilts on either side of the underline.
Growth Rate: The following chart depicts the average growth of the Idaho Pasture Pigs.
Picture on the Right: Front piglet is 2 months old, Middle piglet is 4 months old, and the piglet at the back is 6 months old.
All breeding stock, while meeting the above standards, must also, without exception, be free from congenital defects (e.g. umbilical and scrotal hernias, Atresia Ani (blind anus), cryptorchid boars, extra cleys)
Each pig will vary slightly in conformation. We have tried to provide some good and bad examples of both body type and head/snout conformation in the pictures below.
This is an absolutely perfect picture depicting the short, upturned snout that fits her overall head shape and conformation. Again - not all pigs are exactly the same, but this is what should be strived for in the Idaho Pasture Pigs.
Please note the up-turned end of her snout. This is a major component in getting a good grazing pig. Pigs with straight snouts at the end of their nose are more likely to root and Idaho Pasture Pigs are NOT meant to be rooting pigs. The goal is to preserve this breed to it's highest standard!
This is another picture of a pig with a Great head and a overall Perfect build. You will note his nicely proportioned chest and shoulders with the rest of his body as well as the good definition of his butt muscle. His head is portioned very well and again he has the shorter, upturned snout with the nose that compliments his head.
This is another picture of a pig that resembles the goal to achieve!
Here is a picture of a piglet from the front, so you can see the overall good width of the nose going from the head to the snout. It is a little difficult to tell in this view, but again this piglet has a nice upturned snout at the end. You can also note the definition of the shoulder and chest as well as the butt muscles. It is more difficult to tell how your piglets will turn out right at birth, but by 4 - 6 weeks old you can really start to tell the overall conformation of their body shape as well as the face and head. If you have a snout that is too narrow and doesn't compliment the head at 8 weeks old, it is rarely going to change at this point. This isn't to say it doesn't happen and each year we personally have one or two that we hold onto for about 3 months to give them time to mature into themselves before we make a determination, but usually by 4 - 6 weeks you will have a good idea. If you aren't sure, then it isn't recommended that you sell them as breeding quality!